Prehistory hall

Voice files

MANACOR BEFORE HUMAN COLONIZATION
THE FIRST SETTLERS
THE NAVETA CULTURE (1700 – 1100 BC)
BELIEFS AND THE WORLD OF THE DECEASED
TALAYOYIC PERIOD - THE BEGINNING OF A NEW PERIOD (1100 – 600 BC)
METALLURGY
ANIMAL EXPLOITATION AND AGRICULTURE
LANDSCAPE AND VEGETATION RESOURCES
DRAWER: COMPARING BONES
AWLS
LITHIC OR STONE MATERIAL
FINAL TALAYOTIC OR POSTTALAYOTIC (SIXTH - FIFTH CENTURY BC)
BELIEFS AND THE UNDERWORLD OR THE REALM OF THE DEAD
FREQUENT QUESTIONS

MANACOR BEFORE HUMAN COLONIZATION

From the time of the glaciers 2.600.000 years ago, the Gymnesic Islands shared the same type of fauna as where the famous Myotragus was found.

The Myotragus Balearicus was a small bovid, part of the sub-family of caprines. It resembled a sturdy goat with very short extremities that impeded any kind of rapid movement (its normal gait would have been a walk). Contrary to present day herbivores it had only a frontal vision and a distinctive characteristic; two enlarged incisors (like those of rodents) that were of continuous growth.

Even today it is not known with certainty how this animal was extinguished or if it cohabited with the first settlers. In Manacor there are sites where the remains of this little goat have been discovered, at Cova del Moro, the Cova Genovesa and Cala Morlanga amongst others.

When speaking about the landscape´s vegetation of approximately 10.000 years ago, the island´s climate was much more humid and less seasonal than now. The vegetation adapted to these ambiental conditions, so we find both in Majorca and Minorca a landscape dominated by boxwood, hazelnut trees and in less degree oaks and coastal areas were covered extensively with savins, wild broom (Cystisus Genista) and pine trees. On the other hand during a period between 5.000 - 4.000 BC a change in the vegetation took place and a new landscape started to set in, full of maquis and thickets. The cause for this was due to a climatic change that extended to all of the Mediterranean Basin, bringing on more of an arid condition for the vegetation.

As for the fauna, it must be highlighted the important role the paleontological sites of Cova de S´Onix, Cova dén Rafalino and Cala Morlanda have for faunal study before human settlement.

Voice files

MANACOR BEFORE HUMAN COLONIZATION
THE FIRST SETTLERS
THE NAVETA CULTURE (1700 – 1100 BC)
BELIEFS AND THE WORLD OF THE DECEASED
TALAYOYIC PERIOD - THE BEGINNING OF A NEW PERIOD (1100 – 600 BC)
METALLURGY
ANIMAL EXPLOITATION AND AGRICULTURE
LANDSCAPE AND VEGETATION RESOURCES
DRAWER: COMPARING BONES
AWLS
LITHIC OR STONE MATERIAL
FINAL TALAYOTIC OR POSTTALAYOTIC (SIXTH - FIFTH CENTURY BC)
BELIEFS AND THE UNDERWORLD OR THE REALM OF THE DEAD
FREQUENT QUESTIONS




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